أفضل نظام غذائي وصحي يوميا لمرضى السكر

أفضل نظام غذائي وصحي يوميا لمرضى السكر

أفضل نظام غذائي وصحي يوميا لمرضى السكر، يعد مرض السكر من الأمراض المزمنة لكنه ليس بالمرض الخطير، فقط يجب عليك اتباع نظام غذائي معين، وتناول كافة الأدوية والعلاجات في وقتها، حتى تستطيع التأقلم مع هذا المرض، ويقدم موقع معلومة لك خدمة العناية بالجسم، وسنتعرف في السطور التالية على أفضل نظام غذائي وصحي يوميا لمرضى السكر، تابعونا في السطور التالية.

تعرف على: فوائد مذهلة لـالحرنكش لمرضى السكر

محتويات المقالة

قائمة أطعمة مفيدة لمرضى السكر

تقول غوسلين كرم، مديرة قسم الغدد الصماء في مركز  Division of Endocrinology at Maimonides Medical Center، إن النظام الغذائي لمرضى السكر يختلف من شخص لآخر، ولكن على أي حال الجميع يشترك في الأطعمة التالية:

_الكربوهيدرات التي تحتوي على كميات كبيرة من الألياف مثل الحبوب الكاملة، والفواكهة والخضروات، فالألياف تعد من الأنظمة الغذائية التي تعمل على تحسين مستويات الجلوكوز في الدم.

_احرص على تجنب المشروبات المحلاة مث الصودا والعصير.

_تناول الأطعمة الغنية بالبروتينات الخالية من الدهون.

_احرص على تناول الدهون غير المشبعة، التي تعمل على مقاومة الإنسولين لدى مرضى السكر من النوع الثاني.

نظام غذائي لمرضى السكر النوع الأول

أوضحت وزارة الزراعة الأمريكية، نظام غذائي لمرضى السكر النوع الأول الهدف من هذا النظام هو الحفاظ على مستويات السكر في الدم، وإليكم الهرم الغذائي الذي نصحت به الوزارة.

_تناول 6 أو أكثر من النشويات بشكل يومي، النشويات مثل: الفول والبطاطا وخبز القمح الكامل.

_تناول الخضروات التي تتميز باللون الأخضر الداكن والبرتقالي، وكلما زادت ألوان الخضروات كانت أفضل من حيث الصحة.

_قطعتان من الفواكهة.

_2 حليب أو أكثر يمكن أن يكون هذا أيضًا زبادي أو جبن، ولكن بشرط أن يكون قليل الدسم أو خالي الدسم.

_170 جرام من اللحم أو أي بروتين آخر.

_تناول الدهون الصحية.

_احرص على أن يكون نصفك طبقك الغذائي من الخضروات غير النشوية.

موضوع يهمك: أضرار القرفة لمرضى الضغط والسكر والقولون

هل الفاصوليا مفيدة لمرضى السكر

الفاصوليا تحتوي على البروتين والألياف المصدرين المهمين لمرضى السكر، وتقول الدكتورة داليا غوميز، المتحدثة باسم جمعية رعاية مرضى السكري وأخصائيي التعليم (ADCE)، إن الجسم يهضم البروتين والألياف ببطئ مما يقلل من خطر ارتفاع نسبة السكر في الدم.

نظام غذائي لمرضى السكر النوع الثاني

لمرضى السكر من النوع الثاني ينصح بتناول الأطعمة التالية:

_تناول كميات مناسبة من الفواكهة التالية:  التفاح والبرتقال والتوت والبطيخ والكمثرى والخوخ.

_أيضًا يجب على مرضى السكر من النوع الثاني أن يتناولوا الخضروات لكونها تحتوي على الألياف المفيدة لصحة الجسم، مثل: البروكلي والقرنبيط والسبانخ والخيار والحبوب الكاملة

_الشوفان

_ أيضًا البقوليات مثل: الفول والعدس.

_المكسرات مفيدة أيضًا لمرضى السكر مثل: اللوز والجوز والفستق.

_البذور: مثل بذور الشيا واليقطين وبذور الكتان.

_ تحتوي الأطعمة الغنية بالبروتين مثل البيض والأسماك والدواجن، على العديد من العناصر الغذائية المفيدة لمرضى السكر.

_الدهون الصحية للقلب مثل زيت الزيتون والسمسم.

فوائد الأسماك الدهنية لمرضى السكر

الأسماك الدهنية تحتوي على أحماض أوميغا 3 الدهنية المهمة لصحة القلب، وتجدر الإشارة إلى أن مرضى السكر معرضون للإصابة بشكل كبير للإصابة بأمراض القلب، فالأسماك الدهنية في الحفاظ على صحتهم، وينصح بتناول أسماك السردين والسلمون والرنجة، والأنشوجة، والماكريل.

أطعمة تعمل على زيادة الوزن لمريض السكر

_مريض السكر النحيف يحتاج إلى تناول العديد من الأطعمة التي تمتع بسعرات حرارية عاليى، لأن الجسم يكون غير قادر على تخزين ما يأكله، ومن المهم تزويد الجسم بالسعرات الحرارية بانتظام عن طريق تناول عدة وجبات صغيرة في اليوم.

_أيضًا يحرص مريض السكر على تناول الأطعمة الغنية بالبروتينات مثل اللحوم والأسماك والدواجن، والبيض والبقوليات، المكسرات، منتجات الألبان كاملة الدسم.

_كما ينصح في حالة كون المريض يعاني من نحافة في الوزن يجب أن يستشير أخصائي للتغذية لتحديد نظام غذائي جيد يستطيع السير عليه.

موضوع لك: فوائد اللوبيا الحمراء لمرضى السكر

جدول غذائي لمرضى السكر

ينصح باستشارة طبيب تغذية في تحديد نظام غذائي لمريض السكر، ونذكر فيما يأتي بعض من أشكال الأنظمة الغذائية التي ينصح باتباعها:

الإفطار: شريحتان من خبز التوست، مع 30 جرامًا من الجبنة قليلة الدسم، ونصف كوب من الحليب، وطماطم أو خيار مقدار حبة واحدة، وملعقة صغيرة من زيت الزيتون.

وجبة خفيفة بين الفطار والغذاء وتكون عبارة عن تناول الفواكهة.

الغذاء: كوب من الأرز، ملعقتان صغيرتا من الزيت، وكوب من حساء الخضار، وقطعة دجاج تزن مقدار 10 جرامات، ونصف كوب من اللبن.

الوجبة الخفيفة الثانية: تناول قطعتان من البسكويت، وربع كوب من الحليب مع الشاي

العشاء: نصف كوب من الفول أو الحمص، رغيف خبز صغير، سلطة، نصف كوب من اللبن، ملعقتان صغيرتان من زيت الزيتون.

الوجبة الخفيفة الثالثة: تناول مجموعة من الفواكهة.

حمية غذائية لمرضى السكر والضغط

بالنسبة لمريض الضغط المرتفع يفضل عدم تناول الأطعمة مثل اللحوم والفجل، والجزر، والسبانخ، والفطائر المحلاة، والتين والزبيب المجففين، وعصير جوز الهند والتوابل والمخللات والخبز المحتوي على الملح وملح الطعام والبيض، ويجب اللوجوء إلى دكتور تغذية لتوضيح نظام غذائي يسير عليه.

بالنسبة لمريض السكر ينصح بعد تناول المأكولات التي تحتوي على الدهون المشبعة كالسمن والزبدة والقشدة، ومنتجات الألبان الكاملة الدسم، كما يمنع عن مريض السكر تناول جلد الدجاج والشحوم الموجودة في اللحوم، والمشروبات الغازية، والأطعمة التي تحتوي على مواد حافظة، كما يجب الامتناع عن الفواكهة التي تحتوي على سعرات حرارية مرتفعة.

إقرأ أيضًا:

ما هو تحليل cbc وما هي الأمراض التي يكشف عنها 

كم عدد السعرات الحرارية في ملعقة السكر

فوائد الكركديه البارد

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