أول من اعتبر الأسبوع سبعة أيام

أول من اعتبر الأسبوع سبعة أيام

أيام الأسبوع 7 أيام، فهل فكرت يومًا أو تسائلت من أول من اعتبر الأسبوع سبعة أيام، ولماذا الأسبوع سبعة أيام، لماذا لم يكن عدد آخر غير السبعة، لماذا سبعة أيام، في هذا الموضوع سوف نتعرف على أصل جعل الأسبوع سبعة أيام، وأول من اعتبر الأسبوع سبعة أيام، وأسماء الأيام على مر العصور تابعونا في السطور التالية.

محتويات المقالة

أول من اعتبر الأسبوع سبعة أيام

تشير بعض الآراء إلى أن اليهود القدماء هم أول من اعتبروا أن الأسبوع سبعة أيام، وذلك وفقًا لما ذكر في التوراة التي قدرت زمن الخلق بـ7أيام، فالله خلق الكون في 6 أيام، وفي اليوم السابع جلس على العرش، ولكن هناك أدلة تنفي هذا الرأي، وتشير إلى أن اليهود أخذوا فكرة كون الأسبوع 7 أيام من الثقافة بلاد ما بين النهرين؛ التي كان يعيش فيها السومريون والبابليون.

ويقول هذا الرأي، إن السومريون والبابليون قسموا الأشهر إلى أسابيع، والأسابيع قسموا إلى 7 أيام، وأعطوا لكل يوم من هذه الأيام اسم من الكواكب، (الشمس، والقمر، وعطارد، والزهرة، والمريخ، والمشتري، وزحل).

أيام الأسبوع عند العرب

عند العرب مرت تسمية أيام الأسبوع بمراحل مختلفة، فأسماء أيام الأسبوع عند العرب في الجاهلية، تختلف تمامًا على ما كانت عليه في عصر الإسلام، فالعرب كانوا يسمون أيام الأسبوع على حسب القبائل والأماكن، وكان يوم الأحد هو أول يوم في الأسبوع وكان يسمى آنذاك “أول”، ولكن مع ظهور الإسلام تغيرت هذه الأسماء، وحلت محلها أسماء أخرى هي التي عليها الآن أيام الأسبوع، وإليكم أسماء الأيام عند العرب في الجاهلية:

السبت: شيار.

الأحد: أول.

الإثنين: أهون. وأوهد.

الثلاثاء: جُبار.

الأربعاء: دبار.

الخميس: مؤنس.

الجمعة: عَرُوبة أو العَرُوبة.

أيام الأسبوع بأسمائها الحالية (السبت _ الأحد _ الإثنين _ الثلاثاء _ الأربعاء _ الخميس _ الجمعة)، هي التي كانت عليها عصر صدور الإسلام، فلقد ذكر يوم السبت والجمعة في القرآن الكريم، ولكن لم يستطع المؤرخون أن يحددوا في أي سنة تمت تسمية أيام الأسبوع بهذه الأسماء.

أصل تسمية أيام الأسبوع

 الأحد الشمس.

الإثنين القمر.

الثلاثاء كان يُسمّى تيو، وهو إله الحرب، وهو اسم ابن أودين.

الأربعاء كان يُسمّى ودين.

الخميس كان يُسمّى ثور، وهو إله الرعد والسماء، واسم الابن الأكبر لأودين.

الجمعة كان يُسمّى فريج، وهو إله الحبّ والخصوبة، واسم زوجة أودين. السبت سُمّي زحل، وهو الإله الروماني للزراعة والخصوبة.

الخلاصة:

تسمية أيام الأسبوع بدأت منذ القدم، فلقد حاول الإنسان منذ خلقته، أن يسمى أيامه، في البداية نسبت تسمية أيام الأسبوع إلى الكواكب والآلهة، وعلماء اللغة والمؤرخون على أن أسماء أيام الأسبوع المتداولة وضعت في عصر الإسلام، وعلى مر العصور كان هناك اختلاف في أي الأيام يعتبر بداية الأسبوع، اليهودية والمسيحية  اعتبروا يوم الأحد كبداية الأسبوع، وذلك لما يحمله من دلالات دينية ومعتقدات مقدسة خاصة بهم، ولكن ما عليه التقويم الميلادي فإن يوم الإثنين هو أول أيام الأسبوع، وهذا المعيار الدولي المعتمد.

إقرأ أيضًا:

نصائح لإنقاذ الوزن

طريقة عمل مايونيز بالثوم

تفسير حلم رؤية هابيل في المنام

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