العلاج السلوكي المعرفي للرهاب الاجتماعي

العلاج السلوكي المعرفي للرهاب الاجتماعي

العلاج السلوكي المعرفي للرهاب الاجتماعي، يعد الرهاب الاجتماعي من المشكلات التي يعاني منها الكثير من الأشخاص، وينظر إليهم الآخرون على أنهم أشخاص غريبون أو مثيرون للسخرية، بسبب سلوكهم (مثلا بسبب الكيفية التي يمشون بها أو يتكلمون بها، أو في طريقتهم لتناول الطعام أو الكلام، وفي السطور التالية سوف نتعرف على كيفية علاج السلوك المعرفي للرهاب الاجتماعي.

محتويات المقالة

العلاج السلوكي للرهاب الاجتماعي

  • أهم خطوات علاج الرهاب الاجتماعي سلوكيًا، هو تصحيح المفاهيم، جميع الأشخاص المصابون بالرهاب الاجتماعي لديهم اعتقادات ومفاهيم خاطئة، لديهم اعتقاد بأنهم سيفشلون في المواقف الاجتماعية، كما أن لديهم اعتقاد بأن الجميع يراقبهم، رغم أن هذا الأمر غير صحيح، لذلك يجب تصحيح هذا المفهوم لديهم.
  • حضور صلاة الجماعة، والوقوف في الصف الأول، ومجالسة أهل العلم والمعرفة، حضور حلقات التلاوة له عائد علاجي عظيم جدًّا، ممارسة الرياضات الجماعية مثل كرة القدم.
  • يجب أن يجنب مواقف الخوف ويقدم على كل ما يجعله خائف بشكل تدريجي، وهذا يعد من أفضل أساليب العلاج، ولها أثر عظيم.

رشحنالك: ما هو الرهاب الاجتماعي؟ الأعراض _ الأسباب _ العلاج

ما هو العلاج السلوكي للرهاب الاجتماعي

يتم ترسيخ مفهوم أن التعامل مع الناس يكون قائم على أساس الاحترام المتبادل وليس على أساس الخوف، هم بشر وأنت بشر، مهما كانت مناصبهم أو مكانتهم الاجتماعية لا يجب أن تتعامل معهم بخوف.

أيضًا تمارين الاسترخاء تعد من الأساليب العلاجية لعلاج الرهاب الاجتماعي المعرفي، والقلق لا يعالج إلا عن طريق الاسترخاء.

أسباب الرهاب الاجتماعي

  • يحدث الرهاب الاجتماعي نتيجة للعديد من العوامل:
  • أسباب وراثية.
  • السمات الشخصية مثل الخجل والخوف والقلق.
  • تركيز المرء على الذات، وكثرة النظر دائمًا في نفسه.
  • المرور بأحداث مرهقة نفسيًا مثل فقدان أحد الأشخاص المقربين.
  • المرور بتجارب سيئة مثل سخرية الآخرين منه.

علاج الرهاب الاجتماعي بالأدوية

يقوم الأطباء بنصح الأشخاص المصابين بمهدئات تسمي هذه المهدئات باسم البنزوديازبينات، حيث تقوم هذه المهدئات، بالتقليل من نوبات الخوف المرضي بسرعة كبيرة، ولكن لا يجب استخدامها لفترات طويلة لأنها قد تعرض الشخص لإدمانها، وينبغي وصف هذه الأدوية في حالات معينة، ويجب استشارة الطبيب قبل تناولها.

ما هي أنواع الرهاب الاجتماعي

  • الرهاب الاجتماعي المعين: يقصد به الخوف من موقف معين أو نوعية معينة من المواقف.
  • الرهاب الاجتماعي المعمم: وهو الشخص الذي يخاف من جميع المواقف بشكل عام.

المصادر:

https://www.islamweb.net/ar/

موضوعات تهمك:

علاج الخوف من الموت بالقرآن الكريم

آيات من القرآن لعلاج الخوف عند الأطفال

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