عام الحزن ورحلة الإسراء والمعراج

عام الحزن ورحلة الإسراء والمعراج

عام الحزن ورحلة الإسراء والمعراج، الإسراء والمعراج هي معجزة يعدها المسلمون من معجزات النبي محمد (ص)، وهي قصة وردت في آية واحدة أول سورة الإسراء، وفسر العلماء آيات أخرى متفرقة من القرآن بما يدل على تفاصيل القصة أو بمعنى أدق الجزء الثاني من الرحلة، وهي قصة الصعود والارتقاء إلى السماء.

محتويات المقالة

كيف نحتفل بليلة الاسراء والمعراج؟

Isra-and-Miraj-Nabi-Muhammad-SAW
كيف نحتفل بليلة الإسراء والمعراج؟
  • وتأتي هذه المعجزة في المرتبة الثانية بعد نزول القرآن، لكونها من الأحداث البارزة في تاريخ الدعوة الإسلامية. كيف نحتفل بهذه الليلة كل عام؟ وما هي المحطات التي مر بها النبي (ص) في رحلته؟
  • يتم تذكر رحلة النبي صلى الله وسلم وإحيائها في ليلة 27 رجب من كل عام، وتختلف مظاهر الاحتفال بين المجتمعات الإسلامية، من إعداد الطعام ومشاركته أو تزيين المنازل والشوارع أو حضور الأمسيات، وغيرها من العادات المجتمعية التي هي أقرب في طقوسها وأجوائها إلى شهر رمضان المبارك.

ما هي أسباب رحله الاسراء والمعراج باختصار؟

عام الحزن – السنة العاشرة للبعثة
  • كان النبي يواجه ألم ومصاعب شديدة: حيث كانت قريش قبيلته وعائلته تسخر منه باستمرار، ولا يكفون عن إذلال أتباعه وظلمهم.
  • عام الحزن: علاوة على ذلك، فقد مر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لتوه بعام الحزن، حيث فقد زوجته خديجة (رضي الله عنها) التي كانت تسانده في الدعوة، وعمه أبو طالب الذي كان يدفع عنه أذى قريش.
  • بالإضافة إلى كل هذه الأعباء: لما سافر الرسول (ص) إلى الطائف لنشر الرسالة الإسلامية، رفضه أهل الطائف بأقسى وأعنف الطرق، فأرسلوا أولادهم إلى الشوارع ليرجموه حتى غادر المدينة.
  • وبعد الكثير من الحزن والمعاناة: أسري بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وعرج به إلى السماء، وهو المعروف في سياق الرحلة وزمنها، فكانت تكريما له من الله.

ما هي قصة الاسراء والمعراج كاملة؟

  • الإسراء: هي حادثة جرت ليلاً حوالي عام 620 م ما بين السنة الحادية عشرة إلى السنة الثانية عشرة من البعثة النبوية.
  • وفقًا للعقيدة الإسلامية: يؤمن المسلمون أن الله أسرى نبيه محمد على البراق مع جبريل ليلاً من المسجد الحرام بمكة، إلى بيت المقدس، وهو الجزء الأول من الرحلة المعروف بإسم الإسراء.
  • المقصود بالمسحد الأقصى: وهناك بعض الجدل حول موقع المسجد الأقصى، حيث يعتقد البعض أنه مسجدا بعيدا عن مكة، بينما يعتقد البعض الآخر أن المقصود هو مسجد قبة الصخرة على جبل الهيكل/ الحرم الشريف، في القدس.
  • قال تعالى: “سبحن الذي أسرى بعبده ليلا من المسجد الحرام إلى المسجد الأقصى الذي باركنا حوله لنريه من آياتنا إنه هو السميع البصير”. سورة الإسراء.

إلى أين ذهب الرسول في رحلة الاسراء؟

بيت لحم مهد المسيح

يعرف الكثير منا فقط القصة الأساسية للإسراء والمعراج – وهي أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نُقل من المسجد الحرام إلى المسجد الأقصى، في الواقع كانت هناك العديد من المحطات على طول هذه الرحلة الملئية بالقصص والعجائب.

  • المحطة الأولى: كانت في “مكان الهجرة” أي المدينة المنورة، وبعد فترة وجيزة من هذه الليلة كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يلتقي الأنصار في المدينة المنورة.
  • المحطة الثانية: كانت عند جبل سيناء حيث أنزل الله تعالى التوراة على موسى عليه السلام.
  • المحطة الثالثة: كانت في بيت لحم حيث ولد عيسى عليه السلام.
  • المحطة الرابعة: كانت عند قبر موسى عليه السلام، ” مررت على موسى ليلة  أسري بي عند الكثيب الأحمر وهو قائم يصلي في قبره”. وتظهر لنا هذه الحادثة بوضوح مثالاً لما قاله رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن الأنبياء عليهم السلام بعد وفاتهم: “الأنبياء أحياء في قبورهم يصلون”.

ما معنى المعراج في القرآن؟

  • وهو الجزء الآخر من الرحلة حيث سدرة المنتهى ثم الرجوع بعد ذلك إلى المسجد الحرام، يقول تعالى: “ولقد رآه نزلة أخرى عند سدرة المنتهى عندها جنة المأوى”. سورة النجم.
  • يعتبر بعض العلماء المسلمين على أنها تجربة روحية، بينما يرى البعض الآخر أنها رحلة جسدية، وقد عاد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى مكة قبل نهاية الليل أو في جزء من الليل.

هل رأى الرسول الله في المعراج؟

  • وقد كشف الله لنبيه في هذه الرحلة كل العجائب، فقد رأى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الجنة والنار، وتحدث مع العديد من الأنبياء بمن فيهم موسى وعيسى ويوسف عليه السلام، كما تلقى تعليمات الصلاة.
  • وحيث فرضت الصلوات الخمس على النبي محمد، كلم الله رسوله، وأخبر تعالى أن هذا التكليم من وراء حجاب وهي منزلة عالية للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.
  • فعندما عرج بالنبي وكان معه جبريل، توقف الوحي الأمين وأشار إلى النبي ليكمل الارتقاء وصولا إلى سدرة المنتهى.
  • جاء ابن عباس إِلى كعب الأحبار، فقال له حدثني عن قول الله تعالى: (عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنتَهَى* عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى)، فقال كعب، إنها سدرة فِي أصل العرش، إِليها ينتهي علم كل عالم، ملك مقرب، أو نبي مرسل، ما خلْفها غيب، لا يعلمه إلا الله.
    شكل متخيل للبراق

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