كيف أعرف أن عيون طفلي سليمة ومتى يجب أخذه لزيارة الطبيب

كيف أعرف أن عيون طفلي سليمة ومتى يجب أخذه لزيارة الطبيب

كيف أعرف أن عيون طفلي سليمة ومتى يجب أخذه لزيارة الطبيب، الأطفال هم أغلى شئ في حياتنا، ودائمًا يحرص الآباء والأمهات على، والرؤية وصحة العين تعد من العوامل الرئيسية وراء تعلم وتطور طفلك، وتشير الأكاديمية الأمريكية إلى ضرورة فحص عين الطفل عند الولادة، وبعد 6 أشهر من ولادته وفي الفترة بين 4- 5 سنوات من عمره، وسوف نتعرف في السطور التالية عن كل ما يتعلق بصحة عيون الطفل، ومتى يجب على الأم زيارة الطبيب.

تعرف على: طرق علاج المياه البيضاء على العين وأسباب حدوثها

محتويات المقالة

متى يحتاج طفلك الذهاب لطبيب العيون

أكدت الرابطة الألمانية لأطباء العيون، أن الآباء والأمهات عليهم أن يصحبوا أبنائهم إلى طبيب العيون، إذا لاحظوا حركة ارتعاش في عيونهم، أو الحول أو الحساسية تجاه الضوء.

وأكدت الرابطة الألمانية على ضرورة استشارة الطبيب إذا لاحظوا فقدان الطفل الرضيع القدرة على التواصل البصري مع الآخرين أو ظهور حدقتي عينيه باللون الرمادي المائل للبياض.

كيف أعرف أن عيون طفلي سليمة

هناك العديد من العلامات التي توضح ما إذا كانت عيون طفلك سليمة أو بها مشكلة، ومن العلامات التي تؤكد على وجود مشكلة في العين:

  • امتلاء العينين بالدموع بشكل مفرط
  • بياض حدقة العين
  • ضعف أو كسل إحدى العينين
  • الميل برأسه بطريقة ملحوظة إلى الإمام لكي يستطيع الرؤية.
  • احمرار الجفن بشكل ملحوظ.
  • الحساسية المفرطة تجاه الضوء.

أسباب تحرك بؤبؤ العين لدى الأطفال الرضع

تختلف أسباب تحرك بؤبؤ العين، أو رأرأة العين، أو اهتزاز العين كما يطلق عليها البعض لأسباب مختلفة منها ما يلي:

  • وجود مشكلات في العصب البصري
  • بسبب ضمور في شبكية العين
  • تغير في أداء خلايا الدماغ، خاصة في المنطقة المسئول عن حركة العين.
  • وقد يكون سبب رأرأة العين عوامل وراثية، أو عيب خلقية.
  • وجود مشكلات في عدسة العين.

رشحنالك: أسباب وعلاج حفاف العين

أعراض رأرأة العين عند الأطفال الرضع

  • تحرك العين بشكل ملحوظ وبطريقة غير طبيعية.
  • انحراف مسار عين الطفل بشكل ملحوظ.

علامات ضعف النظر عند الأطفال الرضع

  • انحراف عين طفلك إلى الداخل أو الخارج باستمرار بعد بلوغه شهره الثالث.
  • أن تكون عيون عيون الطفل تدمع بشكل مستمر، مع عدم قدرته على توقف الدموع.
  • عدم تتبع نظر طفلك للأشكال والأجسام على الرغم من قرب هذه الأشياء والأجسام منه.
  • ظهور بقع بيضاء أو رمادية في بؤبؤ عين طفلك.
  • أن تحدث رفرفة لعين طفلك بسرعة من اليمين إلى اليسار أو من أعلى إلى أسفل.

نصائح طبية لتثبيت للحفاظ على عيون الأطفال الرضع

  • في المرحلة الأولى (0-4) أشهر: حافظي على صحة عين طفلك، واجعلي الألعاب والأجسام قريبة منه حتى حتى يسهل ملاحظتها.
  • في المرحلة الثانية (5-8) أشهر: ضعي مجموعة من الألعاب فوق مسافة حتى يستطيع تحديد ما يلمسه.
  • في المرحلة الثالثة (8-12) شهر: في هذه المرحلة العبي مع طفلك لعبة الغميضة، لتحفيز الذاكرة البصرية لديه.

المصادر:

https://www.webteb.com/

https://www.supermama.me/

موضوعات طبية أخرى:

ما مدى تأثير مرض السكر على شبكية العين؟ وكيفية العلاج

علاج البهاق بالثوم

ما هو تحليل cbc والأمراض التي يكشف عنها 

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