متى يتم إطعام الطفل الرضيع وما هي أبرز الأطعمة الصحية في السنة الأولى؟

متى يتم إطعام الطفل الرضيع وما هي أبرز الأطعمة الصحية في السنة الأولى؟

متى يتم إطعام الطفل الرضيع وما هي أبرز الأطعمة الصحية في السنة الأولى؟، في بداية الشهور الأولى، وبالتحديد أول ستة شهور، توصي الأكاديمية الأمريكية لطب الأطفال على الاقتصار على الرضاعة الطبيعية خلال هذه الفترة، خاصة لأن الطفل في هذه المرحلة يكون في حالة احتياجك إلى الرضاعة الطبيعية لتعزيز مناعته.

محتويات المقالة

متى يتم إطعام الطفل الرضيع

يصبح الطفل الرضيع جاهزًا لتناول الطعام بجانب الرضاعة الطبيعية بداية من الشهر الرابع من عمر الجنين، ولكن هذه ليست قاعدة ثابته حيث يختلف الأمر من طفل إلى آخر على حسب عدة أمور.

علامات تدل على استعداد الطفل لبدء الطعام

  • تمكن الطفل من إبقاء رأسه ثابتة في خط مستقيم.
  • إمكانية الجلوس من غير مساعدة.
  • قدرة طفلك على مضغ طعامه، وقدرته على تناول الطعام.
  • نمو الطفل بشكل طبيعي
  • نظر الطفل إليك أو إلى أفراد الأسرة في أثناء تناول الطعام.

الأطعمة المناسبة لطفلك حسب عمره

العمر: 4_6 أشهر

  •  أشهر احرصي على جعل طفلك يتناول الحبوب مثل الأرز والشعير والشوفان.
  • كما يمكن تناول الطفل في هذا العمر الفواكهة مثل: الموز والتفاح والكمثرى، والخضروات، مثل: البطاطا والجزر.

من عمر 6_8 أشهر

  • إدخال البروتين إلى طعام طفلك، مثل: الدجاج.
  • تناول الخضروات مثل: البطاطا والجزر والكوسة.

نصائح طبية هامة عند إطعام طفلك الرضيع

  • تجنبي الأطعمة المضاف إليها السكر والمحليات الخالية من السعرات الحرارية.
  • الأطعمة عالية الصوديوم العسل حتى بعد عيد الميلاد الأول.
  • يمكن أن يسبب التسمم الغذائي عند الأطفال.
  • عصير غير مبستر أو حليب أو زبادي أو جبن حليب البقر أو مشروبات الصويا العادية قبل 12 شهرًا بدلاً من حليب الثدي أو اللبن الصناعي.
  • لا بأس بتقديم الزبادي والجبن المبستر.
  • الأطعمة التي قد تسبب الاختناق، مثل النقانق والجزر والعنب والفشار والمكسرات.

متى يكون طفلي جاهز للأطعمة الصلبة

  • في عمر 4 أشهر إلى 6 أشهر، يصبح الأطفال الرضع جاهزين لتناول الأطعمة الصلبة المكملة للرضاعة الطبيعية، أو الرضاعة الصناعية في خلال هذه الفترة.
  • يتوقف الأطفال عادةً عن استخدام ألسنتهم لدفع الطعام من أفواههم والبدء في تطوير التنسيق لنقل الطعام الصلب من مقدمة الفم إلى الخلف من أجل البلع.

المصادر:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/in-depth/healthy-baby/art-20046200

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/solid-foods.html

موضوعات تهمك:

كيف أعرف أن عيون طفلي سليمة ومتى يجب أخذه لزيارة المريض

علاج ديدان البطن عند الأطفال بالأعشاب

أضرار الباذنجان للحامل والأطفال

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